Dative - Exercises

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Exercise

Definite articles - type in the article and noun in the dative.

  1. Ich liege auf (das Sofa) .[I’m lying on the sofa.]|neuter noun → das becomes dem
  2. Die Freunde sitzen auf (die Terrasse) .[The friends sit on the terrace.]|feminine noun → die becomes der
  3. Was machst du zwischen (die Feiertage) ?[What are you doing between the holidays?]|plural → die becomes den; because the noun doesn’t end with n or s in the plural, we add an n.
  4. Die Tasche steht neben (der Schrank) .[The bag is near the wardrobe.]|masculine noun → der becomes dem
  5. Der Professor antwortet (die Studenten) .[The professor answers the students.]|plural → die becomes den; because the noun ends with n in the plural, we don’t add an additional n.

Indefinite articles - type in articles and nouns in the dative.

  1. In (ein Monat)  fahre ich in den Urlaub.[In one month I’m going on holiday.]|masculine noun → article + em
  2. Seit (eine Woche)  haben die Schüler Ferien.[The pupils have been on holiday for a week.]|feminine noun → article + r
  3. Ich wohne über (ein Restaurant) .[I live above a restaurant.]|neuter noun → article + em
  4. Tanja ist zu (eine Freundin)  gefahren.[Tanja has gone to a friend’s house.]|feminine noun → article + r
  5. Die Veranstaltung findet in (ein Konzertsaal)  statt.[The event is taking place in a concert hall.]|masculine noun → article + em

Mixed - type in articles and nouns in the dative.

  1. Sie dankt (die Frau)  für ihre Hilfe.[She thanks the woman for her help.]|feminine noun with definite article → die becomes der
  2. Der Junge versteckt sich hinter (eine Mülltonne) .[The boy is hiding behind a dustbin.]|feminine noun with definite article → article + r
  3. Das Auto gehört (ein Nachbar) .[The car belongs to a neighbour.]|masculine noun with indefinite article → article + em; for some masculine nouns, we have to add an n
  4. Nach (der Unterricht)  treffen wir uns in der Cafeteria.[After class we meet in the canteen.]|masculine noun with definite article → der becomes dem
  5. Zwischen (die Autos)  suchte ich nach einer Parklücke.[Between the cars, I was looking for a parking spot.]|plural → die becomes den; because the noun ends with s in the plural, we don’t add an n