Nominative - Exercises

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Exercise

Choose the correct article.

  1. Essen ist fertig![The meal’s ready!]|Nouns formed from the infinitive of a verb are neuter, so we use the article das.
  2. Musik ist zu laut.[The music is too loud.]|Nouns ending in ik are feminine, so we use the article die.
  3. Schau, dort fliegt Schmetterling![Look, there’s a butterfly!]|Nouns ending in ling are masculine, so we use the article ein.
  4. Sommer ist sehr heiß.[The summer is very hot.]|Seasons are masculine in German, so we use the article der.
  5. Das ist Frechheit![That’s insolent!]|Nouns ending in heit are feminine, so we use the article eine.
  6. Mannschaften spielen um den Pokal.[The teams are playing for the trophy.]|For plural nouns we use the article die.
  7. Wer ist Junge?[Who is the boy?]|For male people we use the article der.
  8. In seinem Zimmer steht Aquarium.[In his room there’s an aquarium.]|Nouns ending in um are neuter, so we use the article ein.
  9. Wo ist Zeitung?[Where is the newspaper?]|Nouns ending in ung are feminine, so we use the article die.
  10. Marathonlauf war anstrengend.[The marathon race was exhausting.]|Nouns formed from the verb stem (that is, without the en) are masculine, so we use the article der.

Find the subject in each sentence.

  1. Der Ball gehört dem Jungen.
    [The ball belongs to the boy.]|We can recognise the subject here by its article (der = nominative, dem = dative).|Who/what belongs to whom?
  2. Auf dem Sofa sitzt eine Katze.
    [A cat is sitting on the sofa.]|The cat performs the action. “Sofa” just describes a location.|Who/what is sitting where?
  3. Die Figuren kennt das Kind aus dem Fernsehen.
    [The child knows the characters from television.]|We can recognise the subject here by the verb, which agrees with the subject (kennt, das Kind = singular; die Figuren = plural, therefore object; Fernsehen = place)|Who knows whom from where?
  4. Die Frau singt ein Lied.
    [The woman sings a song.]|The woman performs the action (the song itself can’t sing).|Who sings what?
  5. Das Essen hat Martin bezahlt.
    [Martin paid for the meal.]|Martin performs the action (the meal itself can’t pay).|Who pays for what?