Learn German grammar online with Lingolia. Our complete grammar explanations make learning German easy. Learn the most important rules and their exceptions and master verb conjugation in various tenses.
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In the German language there are six tenses: present (Präsens), present perfect (Perfekt), simple past or preterite (Präteritum), past perfect (Plusquamperfekt), future (Futur I), and future perfect (Futur II). In each tense, the verbs have to be conjugated (ich, du, er, ... – I, you, he, ...).
Here you can find information about modal verbs, reflexive verbs, separable and inseparable verbs, the passive voice, the imperative, and the subjunctive. The different tenses are explained in the section called "Tenses".
In German, nouns can be masculine, feminine, or neuter (for example der Löffel, die Gabel, das Messer – the spoon, the fork, the knife). They are generally used with an article and have to be declined.
Pronouns take the place of nouns and have to be declined. We make a distinction between personal, possessive, reflexive, interrogative, demonstrative, and indefinite pronouns.
Adjectives are descriptive words. They indicate how someone or something is (for example gut, schnell – good, fast). Adjectives can be comparative, and sometimes we have to decline them too.
Adverbs are unchanging words (for example hier, gestern, darum, sehr – here, yesterday, therefore, very), which we use to provide information about place, time, reason, or manner. Some adverbs can be comparative.
Prepositions are short words (for example in, auf, ohne – in, on, without) that we use with nouns or pronouns. Each preposition requires a particular case (genitive, dative, accusative).
In this part of the site, we explain the order of words in main clauses, questions, and dependent clauses. We pay special attention to the areas of conditional clauses and indirect speech.