Main Clauses - Exercises

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Exercise

Choose the correct part of the sentence for each field, so that you build a sentence according to the pattern Subject-Verb-Object in each line. If nothing should be entered in a field, choose the dash (-).

subjectfinite verbindirect objectdirect objectinfinite verb
.Who showed us the way? – ein Polizist|To whom did he show the way? – uns|What did he show us? – den Weg|the finite verb agrees with the subject – hat|the infinite verb is an infinitive or a past participle – gezeigt
.Who has to zip up the jackets? – sie|Whose jackets do they have to zip up? – den Kindern|What do they have to zip up? – die Jacke|the finite verb agrees with the subject – haben|the infinite verb is an infinitive or a past participle – zugemacht
.Who brings the coffee? – die Kellnerin|To whom is she bringing the coffee? – dem Mann|What is she bringing to the man? – einen Kaffee|the finite verb agrees with the subject – bringt|the infinite verb is an infinitive or a past participle – no infinite verb
.Who’s going to call you? – ich|Whom …? – no indirect object|Whom am I going to call? – dich|the finite verb agrees with the subject – werde|the infinite verb is an infinitive or a past participle – anrufen
.Who trusts the teacher? – wir|Whom do we trust? – der Lehrerin|Whom …? – no direct object|the finite verb agrees with the subject – vertrauen|the infinite verb is an infinitive or a past participle – no infinite verb (vertrauen is not an infinitive here, but rather the inflected form for the pronoun wir)

Construct sentences with subject/object/place/time in the first position.

  1. gestiegen/sind/wir/auf den Aussichtsturm
    1st position: subject[We climbed the viewing tower.]|Who climbed the tower? – wir|2nd position: finite verb – sind|place – auf den Aussichtsturm|finite verb – gestiegen
  2. gelernt/habt/ihr/ein neues Lied/in der Schule
    1st position: place[You learned a new song in school.]|Where did you learn a song? – in der Schule|2nd position: finite verb – habt|subject – ihr|finite verb – gelernt
  3. gehe/morgen/ich/ins Museum
    1st position: time[Tomorrow I’m going to the museum.]|When am I going to the museum? – morgen|2nd position: finite verb – gehe|subject – ich
  4. schreiben/wird/er/euch/eine SMS
    1st position: indirect object[He’s going to write an SMS to you.]|To whom is he going to write an SMS? – euch|2nd position: finite verb – wird|subject – er|direct object – eine SMS|finite verb – schreiben
  5. vorlesen/darf/sie/ihrem Opa/die Zeitung
    1st position: direct object[She’s allowed to read the newspaper to her grandpa.]|What is she allowed to read aloud? – die Zeitung|2nd position: finite verb – darf|subject – sie|indirect object – ihrem Opa|finite verb – vorlesen