Present Tense - Exercises

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Free Exercise

Should we use haben or sein? Choose the correct form.

  1. Er klug.[He is clever.]|We use sein with adjectives.
  2. Ich einen Hund.[I have a dog.]|Possession, therefore we use haben.
  3. du Hunger?[Are you hungry?]|Condition that refers to a noun, so we use haben.
  4. Wir nicht müde.[We are not tired.]|We use sein with adjectives.
  5. ihr Schweizer?[Are you Swiss?]|Identification of a living being (nationality), so we use sein.

Type the correct present tense form for each verb.

  1. Das Mädchen (gehen)  zur Schule.[The girl goes to school.]|3rd person singular: we remove the ending en and add a t.
  2. Ich (kochen)  heute das Essen.[I’ll cook the meal today.]|1st person singular: we remove the ending en and add an e.
  3. Er (wohnen)  nicht hier.[He doesn’t live here.]|3rd person singular: we remove the ending en and add a t.
  4. (lernen)  ihr Deutsch?[Are you learning German?]|2nd person plural: we remove the ending en and add a t.
  5. (Schreiben)  du mir eine E-Mail?[Will you write me an e-mail?]|2nd person singular: we remove the ending en and add st.

Type the correct present tense form of each verb. Pay attention to exceptions in the construction.

  1. Du (sprechen)  fünf Fremdsprachen.[You speak five foreign languages.]|In the 2nd/3rd person singular, e becomes i|2nd person singular → ending st|see list of irregular verbs
  2. Der Zug (fahren)  in zehn Minuten.[The train departs in ten minutes.]|In the 2nd/3rd person singular, a becomes ä|3rd person singular → ending t|see list of irregular verbs
  3. Ihr (baden)  im See.[You are bathing in the lake.]|If the word stem ends in d/t, for endings in st und t we add an e before the ending.
  4. Was (essen)  du gerne?[What do you like to eat?]|In the 2nd/3rd person singular, e becomes i|The word stem ends in s, so in the 2nd person singular we only add a t.|see list of irregular verbs
  5. (lesen)  er gern Krimis?[Does he like to read crime novels?]|In the 2nd/3rd person singular, e becomes ie|3rd person singular → ending t|see list of irregular verbs