Personal Pronouns - Exercises

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Exercise

Choose the correct personal pronoun.

  1. esse gern Schokolade.[I like to eat chocolate.]|We use the ending e with the pronoun ich
  2. Hat der Film gefallen?[Did you like the film?]|gefallen takes the dative|Who liked the film/Whom did the film please?
  3. versteht doch, oder?[You understand me, don’t you?]|1st space: nominative - the verb ending (t) agrees with the subject|2nd space: verstehen takes the accusative (Whom do you understand?)
  4. Vielleicht kann Paul am Bahnhof abholen.[Maybe Paul can pick us up at the station.]|abholen takes the accusative

Type in the personal pronouns in the correct form (nominative, dative or accusative).

  1. Der Mann hat (du)  etwas gefragt.[The man asked you something.]|fragen takes the accusative|Whom did the man ask?
  2. Die Freunde haben (ich)  geholfen.[The friends helped me.]|helfen takes the dative|Whom did the friends help?
  3. Wo hat Gerda (er)  kennengelernt?[Where did Gerda meet him?]|kennenlernen takes the accusative|Whom did Gerda meet?
  4. Was haben (sie)  gemacht?[What did they do?]|sie is the subject, therefore nominative|Who did something?
  5. Kann ich mit (ihr)  zum Einkaufen fahren?[Can I go shopping with you?]|mit takes the dative|With whom can I go shopping?

Rewrite the sentences, replacing the underlined sections with pronouns.

  1. Das Kind zählt die Äpfel.
    [It counts them.]|das Kind = subject → es|die Äpfel = accusative → sie|Who counts what?
  2. Der Chef dankt der Mitarbeiterin.
    [He thanks her.]|der Chef = subject → er|die Mitarbeiterin = dative → ihr|Who thanks whom?
  3. Die Touristen hören dem Reiseleiter zu.
    [They listen to him.]|die Touristen = subject → sie|der Reiseleiter = dative → ihm|Who listens to whom?
  4. Der Junge lernt das Gedicht.
    [He learns it.]|Der Junge = subject → er|das Gedicht = accusative → es|Who learns what?
  5. Die Lehrerin erklärt den Schülern den Satzbau.
    [She explains it to them.]|Die Lehrerin = subject → sie|die Schüler = dative → ihnen|der Satzbau = accusative → ihn (as a pronoun, the accusative object has to come before the dative object)|Who explains what to whom?