Participles - Exercises

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Exercises

Construct the participles of the following verbs.

infinitivepresent participlepast participle
tanzen weak verb: ge…t
arbeiten weak verb: ge…t
denken mixed verb: denken-dachte-gedacht
schlafen strong verb: schlafen-schlief-geschlafen
fliegen strong verb: fliegen-flog-geflogen

Do we need to use the present participle or the past participle? Choose the correct form.

  1. Den Briefträger böse , rannte der Hund am Zaun hin und her.[Angrily growling at the postman, the dog ran back and forth along the fence.]|If the actions take place at the same time, we use the present participle.
  2. Einmal die Treppe , hielt sich das Kind fortan immer am Geländer fest.[Having fallen down the stairs once, the child always held firmly on to the banister after that.]|If the action with the participle took place before the other action, we use the past participle.
  3. Die Führerscheinprüfung , konnte er nun mit dem Auto zur Arbeit fahren.[Having passed his driving test, he could now drive to work in the car.]|If the action with the participle took place before the other action, we use the past participle.
  4. Mit ihrer Freundin , lag sie auf dem Sofa.[Telephoning with her friend, she lay on the sofa.]|If the actions take place at the same time, we use the present participle.
  5. Die Hausaufgaben , schnappte er seinen Fußball und ging zum Spielen hinaus.[Having finished his homework, he grabbed his football and went out to play.]|If the action with the participle took place before the other action, we use the past participle.